I/ Thì hiện tại đơn : Diễn tả việc thường xuyên xảy ra hoặc được lặp đi lặp lại nhiều lần ở hiện tại.
(+) S + V(s,es) + . ( I/You/We/ They/.+ V ; He/She /It/ .+ Vs/Ves)
(-) S + do/does + not + V+ ( I/You/We/ They/.+ do ; He/She /It/ .+ does)
(?) Do/Does + S + V .? Yes. S + do/does.
No, S + do/does +not.
* Những từ nhận biết: Every ; in free time ; always ; usually; often ; sometimes; never ; once or twice a week ;
* EXERCISES:Chia động từ ở dạng đúng sau đó chuyển câu sang thể (-) , (?) và trả lời:
1. I _______________ my breakfast every morning. (eat)
2. She _______________her teeth three times a week. ( brush)
3. Nga and lan ________________soccer after school. (play)
GRAMMAR E6 I/ Thì hiện tại đơn : Diễn tả việc thường xuyên xảy ra hoặc được lặp đi lặp lại nhiều lần ở hiện tại. (+) S + V(s,es) + . ( I/You/We/ They/..+ V ; He/She /It/ ..+ Vs/Ves) (-) S + do/does + not + V+ ( I/You/We/ They/..+ do ; He/She /It/ ..+ does) (?) Do/Does + S + V ..? Yes. S + do/does. No, S + do/does +not. * Những từ nhận biết: Every ; in free time ; always ; usually; often ; sometimes; never ; once or twice a week; * EXERCISES:Chia động từ ở dạng đúng sau đó chuyển câu sang thể (-) , (?) và trả lời: 1. I _______________ my breakfast every morning. (eat) (-) (?) ? 2. She _______________her teeth three times a week. ( brush) (-) (?) ? 3. Nga and lan ________________soccer after school. (play) (-) (?) ? 4. His father ____________________TV every afternoon. ( watch) (-) (?) ? 5. They often __________________swimming in their free time. (go) (-) (?) ? 6. She __________________ her homework every evening. (do) 7. We ___________________lunch at 12: 30 . (not/ have) 8. My brother _____________________ books after school. ( read) 9. My parents _____________________to the beach in the summer. (not/go) 10. _____________ you _______________ the dog in the morning? (walk) 11. ______________she _______________ to school on foot everyday? (go) 12. What ____________they_______________ after school? (do) 13. Where _________________Lan and Ba__________________volleyball in their free time? (play) 14. How_____________________he__________________ to work? (travel) 15. __________________ your father _________________in a hospital ? (work) II/ Thì hiện tại tiếp diễn: Diễn tả sự việc đang xảy ra ở hiện tại . (+) S + am/is /are + V.ing . ( I+am ; You/We/They..+ are ; He / She /It..+ is) (-) S + am / is / are + not + V.ing. (?) Am/ Is /Are + S + V.ing ..? Yes, S + am/is/are. No, S + am/is/are + not. * Những từ nhận biết: now ; at present ; at the moment ; at this time ; Look! ; Listen ! Be care ful!. * EXERCISE:Chia động từ ở dạng đúng sau đó chuyển câu sang thể (-) , (?) và trả lời: 1. They _________________their homework now. (do) (-) (?) ? 2. She _______________to school at present .(go) (-) (?) ? 3. His sister __________________ football now. (play) (-) (?) ? 4. My brother _________________ his bike at the moment. (ride) (-) (?) ? 5. Miss Lan____________________ to her office. (walk) (-) (?) ? 6. He ___________________ a letter now. (write) 7. My sister and brother _______________________in the park now. (play) 8. At present , he __________________ a kite. (fly) 9. Look! Children____________________. (dance) 10. Huy ___________________ his room at the moment . (not/clean) 11. ______________your sister ________________movies now? (see) 12. _______________Lan and Hue_______________ flowers at present? (water) 13. What______________ they _______________ now? (do) 14. Where__________________she_________________ now? (go) 15. What ________________ your friends_______________ now? ( talk) III/ Thì tương lai gần : Diễn tả việc dự định sẽ xảy ra trong tương lai (+) S + be + going to + V . (-) S + be + not + going to + V . (?) Be + S + going to + V ? Yes, S + be No, S + be + not. * Những từ nhận biết: tonight ; tomorrow ; next week/month/year/summer. * EXERCISE:Chia động từ ở dạng đúng sau đó chuyển câu sang thể (-) , (?) và trả lời: 1. I__________________________ the beach next Sunday. ( visit) (-) (?) ? 2. They_____________________ badminton tonight.(play) (-) (?) ? 3. She_________________________ her grandparents next summer.(see) (-) (?) ? 4. My friends_______________________ to Huong pagoda next year.(go) (-) (?) ? 5. He________________________a movie with his friends tomorrow.( watch) (-) (?) ? 6. They _______________________to Vung Tau tomorrow. (travel) 7.Tom and Mary ______________________the beach tonight .(not/ visit) 8. They________________________a movie tonight. (see) 9. What __________you ________________tomorrow ,Nga ? (do) 10. We_____________________to the movie theater tonight . (go) 11. They ______________________to Vung Tau tomorrow. (travel) 12. They ________________________a movie tonight. (see) 13. My father ______________________ stay in Hue next week .(stay) 14. How long ____________ you _________________ in Nha Trang? (stay) 15. I ___________________ badminton tomorrow morning . ( not/ play) 16. Nga ______________________ Ho Chi Minh City with his father next week. ( visit) IV/ Các cấu trúc khác : 1/ Suggestions( Những câu gợi ý) Let’s + V! ex: Let’s play soccer! What about + V.ing? =What about playing soccer? Why don’t we + V ? =Why don’t we play soccer? (+) Yes, good idea./ That a good idea. (-) No, I don’t want.. * EXERCISE 2/ Notes: Would like ex: I would like ..a cake . (buy) want(s) + to V. He wants a new bike.(have) need(s) She needs to the market. (go) Like(s) + V.ing ex: She likes in the mountain.( walk) 3/ Comparisons of short adjective ( so sánh của tính từ ngắn) A) Comparative (so sánh hơn): S1+ be + short adj + er + than + S2. Ex: This ruler is longer than that ruler. B) Superlative (so sánh nhất) : S + be + the + short adj + est + . Ex: Mexico city is the biggeest city in the world. 4/ Chú ý những cụm từ : Go + camping / jogging/ swimming/ sailing/ fishing Do + aerobics take some photos *SUPPLY THE CORRECT TENSE OR FORM OF THE VERBS : 1. He .volleyball every afternoon . (play) 2. There .any water in the bottle. (not/be) 3. Nam and Nga...some milk at the moment. (drink) 4. What would you like?-I would .. a hot drink. (like) 5. My sister ...a small nose . (have) 6. There ..some bananas on the table .(be) 7. Miss Hoa ..TV at the moment. (watch) 8. He .a cold drink . (want) 9. How ...she feel? (do) 10. Mai by motorbike now . (travel) 11. Mai ....her teeth everyday . (brush) 12. I’m thirsty . I’d like ..a drink now .(have) 13. They ..their homework at the moment. (do) 14. How many apples ..he..? (want) 15. What does he ? (want) 16. She .a round face. (have) 17. I ..cold drink. (like) 18. I to school by bike now . (go) 19. Nam often sports after school. (play) 20. There .a lot of rain in our country. (be) 21. Nga .TV every day. (watch) 22. They ..to Vung Tau tomorrow. (travel) 23. What aboutto Hue ? (go) 24. Look! She . . (come) 25. It’s very hot. Let’s..swimming! (go) 26. What are they going.first? (visit) 27. We are.aerobics now . (do) 28. Lan often badminton in her free time . (play) 29. What about .volleyball this afternoon? (play) 30. She is goingHa Long Bay . (visit) 31. They usuallycamping at weekend. (go) 32. At the moment, John ..to his friend. (write) 33. Nam usually goes ..in the park. (walk) 34. Sometimes, he overnight. (camp) 35. They ..a movie tonight. (see) 36. We an old house . (not/want) 37. Mai and Hoa .their homework at the moment. (do) 38. He wouldsome chicken and some rice . (like) 39. Nam and Nga some milk at the moment. (drink) 40. He every morning. (jog) 41. Does she ..TV every evening? (watch) 42. Susan never.fishing on schooldays . (go) 43. Tom and Mary the beach tonight .(visit) 44. We .to the movie theater tonight . (go) 45. What ..you .tomorrow ,Nga ? (do) 46. Would you like .TV , Nam ? (watch) 47. How .she.to work? – By car. (go) 48. She ..an apple at present. (eat) 49 . Let’s a movie ! (see) 50. My mother needs..to the store. (go) * REWRITE SENTENCES 1. He /wait / a train / at the moment .-> He 2. Nga / going / visit / Ho Chi Minh City / his father . ->Nga 3. What /the weather / like / Ho Chi Minh City ? -> What ? 4. My father / going / stay / Hue / next week .-> My father 5. He / always / go fishing / spring . -> He 6. What / you / do / your / free time ? -> What ? 7. Ba / Nam /play / soccer / school yard / now . -> Ba 8. He / take / some photos / now . -> He 9. What would you like ? -> What 10. I like fried rice best . -> My 11. She likes chicken very much .-> Her 12. They often walk to school . -> They often go 13. He often goes to school on foot . -> He often 14. Why don’t we play badminton in the afternoon? -> What about ? 14. She likes noodles . -> Her 15. What about going to Dam Sen Park? -> Let’s 16. Why don’t we go to Huong Pagoda ? -> What about ? 17. What about playing basketball? -> Let’s 18. Why don’t we travel to Ho Chi Minh City by minibus? -> What about ? 19. Let’s play soccer ! -> Why don’t 20. Nam is taller than Hung . -> Hung is 21. The Mekong River is longer than the Red River .-> The Red River is 22. Nam is 1.5 meters tall .Tuan is 1.6 meters tall .-> Nam is
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